Temperatures that hover 10 degrees or more above the average high temperature in a particular region lasting for several weeks is considered to be extreme heat. Each year approximately 175 people in the United States die from extreme heat. Young children, the elderly and those that are sick or overweight are more likely to become victims. Men are also more susceptible to heat illness because they become dehydrated more quickly. Heat kills by pushing the human body beyond its limits. With extreme heat and high humidity, evaporation is slowed and the body has to work extra hard to maintain a normal temperature. These useful tips will help you know what to do in the event of a heat emergency:
- Stay indoors as much as possible and limit exposure to the sun.
- Stay on the lowest floor out of the sunshine if air conditioning is not available.
- Spend the warmest part of the day in public buildings such as libraries, schools, movie theaters or shopping malls.
- Eat well-balanced, light, and regular meals. Avoid using salt tablets unless directed to do so by a physician.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Limit intake of alcoholic beverages.
- Dress in loose-fitting, lightweight, and light-colored clothes that cover as much skin as possible.
- Protect face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
- Check on family, friends, and neighbors who do not have air conditioning and who spend much of their time alone.
- Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles.
- Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day. Use a buddy system when working in extreme heat, and take frequent breaks.
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- Tags: Weather Related Safety